There are many prostate cancer treatment choices to consider. Learning about all available treatment options for your prostate cancer will help you make the right decision for you. There is no blanket treatment plan. Here are some ways you can become more informed on treatment options, advances in treatment, and possible side effects of treatment so you can make an informed choice:
- Find a treatment team you are comfortable with
- Ask questions
- Understand the stage and grade of your tumor
- Do your own research
- Don’t be afraid to ask for a second opinion
- Find out how different treatments can affect your life
Watch ZERO’s President and CEO, Jamie Bearse discuss new prostate cancer treatment news (5/29/2020)
Have you been diagnosed with advanced prostate cancer? Visit our advanced prostate cancer section to learn more.
- With active surveillance and watchful waiting, the doctor monitors your cancer through regular tests to watch for signs that the cancer may be changing, growing, or spreading. This is usually an option for men with a low Gleason score, early-stage, and non-aggressive cancer.
- A prostatectomy is the removal of the prostate gland by surgery. The goal is to remove all of the cancer from your body. There are several types of prostatectomy.
- Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to target the prostate and any surrounding areas with cancer or at risk of cancer.
- Cryotherapy for prostate cancer freezes prostate tissue, causing cancer cells to die. This type of treatment is sometimes used as an alternative to surgical removal of the prostate gland.
- High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound is a treatment currently in testing. It destroys the cancer by using sound waves on the prostate tumor.
- Prostate cancer is fueled by male hormones, which are called androgens. The primary male androgen is testosterone. Hormone therapy also called androgen deprivation therapy, or ADT, stops your body from making testosterone to stop or shrink the tumor.
- In addition, if a patient has undergone hormone therapy to treat his prostate cancer, his doctor can perform a testosterone test to monitor this hormone as a way of helping to determine if treatment is effective.
- Immunotherapy uses a man’s own immune cells to attack advanced prostate cancer. The cells are taken from the man with prostate cancer, activated to fight, and returned to the man.
- Chemotherapy is the use of intravenous or oral drugs to kill cancer cells and prevent them from multiplying. Chemotherapy stops new cancer cells from being made.
Other items to consider:
Should I choose surgery or radiation for my prostate cancer?
For men deciding between surgery and radiation for prostate cancer treatment, click here to read an article in U.S. News & World Report that may help you weigh the pros and cons of each option.
Genomic testing and prostate cancer
Genomic tests can help determine how aggressive your prostate cancer is, and this may influence your treatment decisions. Genomic testing can also help you and your doctor learn more about how your cancer might behave. By looking at the genetic makeup of the cancer, these tests may help predict whether your prostate cancer grows slowly or aggressively, therefore influencing treatment decisions.