Prostate cancer detection using transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy provided the necessary diagnosis to recommend radical treatment. Until recently, patients had a limited number of treatments for localized prostate cancer. These limitations exacerbated the overtreatment of prostate cancer and caused concern that overdiagnosis should be prevented to limit unnecessary treatments and comorbidities. However, in other cancers facing similar concerns, attempts were made to reduce the treatment field and preserve the patient’s quality of life while still receiving adequate treatment. Partial nephrectomy, lumpectomy, and other organ-preserving operations quickly gained momentum and were supported by studies showing the potential benefits.
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