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Prostate Cancer Glossary

All | # A B C D E G H I K L M N O P R S T U V W
There are currently 7 terms in this directory beginning with the letter S.
Social Determinants of Health
The Social Determinants of Health, or SDOH, are the conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, and age, and the wider set of forces and systems that impact a range of health/well-being, functioning, and quality of life outcomes. The SDOH are shaped by the distribution of money, power, and resources at global, national, and local levels.
Referring to the cells of the body in contrast to the germ line cells.
Somatic Mutation
These mutations occur from damage to genes in an individual cell during a person's life. Cancers that occur because of somatic mutations are referred to as sporadic cancers. Somatic mutations are not found in every cell in the body and they are not passed from parent to child.
The process used to find out if the cancer has spread within the prostate or to other parts of the body, using biopsy and imaging.
Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS), Stereotactic Radiotherapy (STR), Stereotactic Body Radio-therapy (SBRT)
A precise delivery of a single, high dose of radiation in a one-day session done to the body (CyberKnife).
Surgical Margin
Edge of the tissue removed during surgery. A negative surgical margin means that no cancer cells were found on the outer edge of the removed tissue, and is considered a sign that none of the cancerous mass was left behind. A positive surgical margin means that cancer cells are found at the outer edge of the tissue removed and is usually a sign that some cancer remains in the body.
Surgical Oncologist
A doctor who specializes in using surgery to treat cancer.