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Prostate Cancer Glossary

All | # A B C D E G H I K L M N O P R S T U V W
There are currently 9 terms in this directory beginning with the letter N.
A navigator is an expert in understanding the details of cancer treatment and will support, inform, guide, and answer questions for you through all stages of treatment and beyond. As advocates for patients and their families during prostate cancer treatment and beyond, they enhance the quality of care you receive. They may be called a nurse, patient, or financial navigator.
Treatment given before the primary treatment. Usually involves chemotherapy or radiation.
Nerve Sparing Prostatectomy
Surgery to remove the prostate in which the surgeon tries to save a man's ability to have erections by leaving in the neurovascular bundles that control that function. In some cases, the urologist is able to spare the nerves on both sides of the gland; in others, the tumor is so close to one set of nerves that he has to sacrifice those nerves to be sure the entire tumor is removed. Some surgeons have been concerned that it is more likely to leave some cancer cells behind.
A nerve problem that causes pain, numbness, tingling, swelling or muscle weakness in different parts of the body. It usually begins in the hands or feet and may worsen over time. It is a common side effect from platinum-based chemotherapy drugs.
Non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. nmCRPC is prostate cancer that does not respond to hormone treatment but is still contained within the prostate and has not spread to other parts of the body.
Non-metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer, also called non-metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (nmHSPC). This is prostate cancer that does still responds to hormone treatment and is still contained within the prostate (has not spread to other parts of the body).
Excessive urination during the night.
Nurse Practitioner
A registered nurse with a master's or doctoral degree and special certification. Nurse practitioners diagnose and manage illness and disease, usually working closely with doctors.
A nutritionist provides information and guidance about good nutrition. This can help a patient combat cancer- or treatment-related weight loss or gain by recommending foods that provide adequate calories, vitamins, and protein. In addition, a nutritionist provides helpful tips and recipes customized to fit your specific dietary needs.