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Prostate Cancer Glossary

All | # A B C D E G H I K L M N O P R S T U V W
There are currently 8 terms in this directory beginning with the letter C.
C
Cachexia
Pronounced kuh-KEK-see-uh; Loss of body weight and muscle mass and weakness that may occur in patients with cancer.
Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC)
Cancer that keeps growing even when the amount of testosterone in the body is reduced to very low levels. Many early-stage prostate cancers need normal levels of testosterone to grow, but castrate-resistant prostate cancers do not. CRPC can be referred to as nmCRPC when there is no detectable metastases upon imaging, and as mCRPC when it has advanced to metastatic stage.
Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer (CSPC, also called Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer)
A form of prostate cancer that still responds to testosterone suppression therapy. CSPC can be referred to as nmCSPC when there is no detectable metastases upon imaging, and as mCSPC when it has advanced to metastatic stage.
Chemotherapy
Drugs used to kill rapidly dividing cells in the body, which include cancer cells, but also some healthy cells. It is a systematic treatment, which means it circulates through the body and kills cancer cells throughout.
Co-insurance
A certain percent you must pay each benefit period after you have paid your deductible. This payment is for covered services only. You may still have to pay a copay.
Co-Pay
A copayment or copay is a fixed amount for a covered service, paid by a patient to the provider of service before receiving the service. It may be defined in an insurance policy and paid by an insured person each time a medical service is accessed.
Cryoablation
Uses liquid nitrogen or argon gas to freeze tumors, also known as cryotherapy.
CT (Computerized Tomography) Scan
CT/CAT scans detect smaller tumors than the x-ray detects and helps the doctor determine if the tumor has spread to lymph nodes or areas surrounding the prostate.