Higher baseline PSA may be linked to increased prostate cancer risk
Feb 16, 2011
The risk for prostate cancer and aggressive prostate cancer increased as PSA score increased among a cohort of men with a PSA score less than 3 ng/mL, according to findings from the European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer.
Monique J. Roobol, PhD, of the Department of Urology at Erasmus Medical College in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, said that the analysis involved 15,758 eligible men aged 55 to 74 years with a PSA risk score less than 3 ng/mL. Men were grouped according to PSA scores <0.9, 1.0-1.9 and 2.0-2.9 ng/mL.
“Distribution of incidence, aggressiveness and disease-specific mortality of prostate cancer per PSA range were measured during a median follow-up time of 11 years,” Roobol said in a press screening in advance of the 2011 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium. “Cases were identified at four yearly re-screens.”
The first screening took place from 1993 to 1999, and the final follow-up occurred in 2008, according to Roobol.
“The risk of prostate cancer increases with increases in baseline PSA score,” she said. “We see a fourfold increase with a PSA score below one compared to 1.0 to 1.9, and a tenfold increase comparing a score below one compared with 2.0 to 2.9.”
The risk of aggressive prostate cancer was 2.7 times higher in the 1.0 to 1.9 group compared with the <0.9 group, and 6.2 times higher in the 2.0 to 2.9 group compared with the <0.9 group, according to Roobol.
She also noted that the risk for disease-specific mortality was 7.6 times higher in the highest PSA group compared with the lowest group.
“These results contribute to individual risk stratification and management of men in PSA-based screening programs,” Roobol said. “For example, favorable outcomes in men with initial PSA values less than one supports prolongation of the screening interval.”
Roobol also noted that these results may justify altering the PSA threshold to ≥3.0 ng/ml.
Disclosure: Dr. Roobol reports holding a consultant or advisory role with Bechman Coulter, GlaxoSmithKline and Gen-Probe.